Unknown facts of Rajasthan
  1. Rajasthan once used to be a part of the world's oldest civilization, the pre-historic Indus Valley Civilization. Excavations at Kalibangan, a town in the Hanumangarh district, about 200 kms from Bikaner have revealed artifacts dating back to the ancient civilization along with the discovery of ploughed fields, probably the world’s earliest ones.
  2. In Hindu mythology, the state of Rajasthan has an importance all of its own. It is believed that Lord Ram of the Hindu epic Ramayana spent sometime in thejungles of Rajasthan during his 14 year long exile, as did thePandavas from another Hindu magnum opus, the Mahabharata.
  3. The ancient city of Mandore, about 10 kms north of Jodhpur, is believed to have been the hometown of Mandodari, the chief wife of the demon king Ravana of Lanka, who was killed by Lord Ram.
  4. The mystic Saraswati River, one of the main ancient rivers revered by the Hindus, is believed to have disappeared under the sands of the Thar Desert, due to the emergence of the Aravali range of mountains.
  5. The Aravalis are the oldest mountain range in India, even older than the Himalayas.
  6. The Thar Desert is the largest desert in India and the world’s 18th largest sub-tropical desert.
  7. Present day Rajasthan was formed on 30th March, 1949 after the merger of 22 kingdoms and principalities into a single geographic entity. Today, it is thelargest state in India with Jaipur, the largest city as its capital.
  8. Tiger viewing in Bandhavargh, Kanha, Jim Corbett and Ranthambore National Parks
  9. The city of Jaipur was founded by the king Sawai Jai Singh II on18thNovember 1727 and is arguably India’s first planned city as per the ancient Hindu doctrines of architecture, Vastu Shastra and Shilpa Shastra. It was planned by a Bengali architect and scholar Purohit Vidhyadhar Bhattacharya, whose descendents still live in the city.
  10. Jaipur is also known as the Pink City on account of the pink color that was used to coat the buildings of the walled city, as a mark of respect for the visit of the Prince of Wales in 1876.
  11. The sun city of Jodhpur is the second largest city of Rajasthan and is known as the Blue City on account of the bright blue painted houses that surround the hill on which the formidable Mehrangarh fort is situated.
  12. The Mehrangarh fort in Jodhpur has been the site for many Bollywood and Hollywood movies, the most famous being the Batman blockbuster The Dark Knight.
  13. The city of lakes, Udaipur, is also known as the White City on account of the predominance of white-colored structures in the city.
  14. A preferred shooting location, Udaipur too is a favorite for Bollywood and Hollywood movies. The enchanting Lake Palace on Lake Pichola was immortalized as the lair of Octopussy, in the swashbuckling James Bondmovie of the same name.
  15. 14) Rajasthan is home to some great UNESCO World Heritage SiteslikeKeoladeo Bird Sanctury (Bharatpur) and Jantar Mantar(Jaipur). Six forts -Kumbhalgarh Fort, Chittorgarh Fort,Ranthambore Fort, Amer Fort, Jaisalmer Fort and Gagaron Fort (Jhalawar) - are a recent addition to the existing list.
  16. The walls of the virtually impregnable Kumbhalgarh Fort extend to 36 kms and are believed to be the second-longest continuous wall in the world after the Great Wall of China.
  17. The ancient Jaisalmer Fort is unique in that it is still lived in. The fort is still the home to a large mass of population making it perhaps the onlyinhabited fort in the world.
  18. Pokhran, a town in Jaisalmer, has a great place in modern Indian history. It was the site of India’s first nuclear test in 1974 as well as the second nuclear test in 1998.
  19. The Karni Mata Temple at Deshnok, about 30 kms from Bikaner, is also out of the ordinary. Here more than 20,000 black rats reside within the temple and are said to be the reincarnated male heirs of the presiding deity Karni Mata.
  20. For the believers of supernatural powers, there are many haunted abandoned ruins to explore in Rajasthan. The ghost village of Kuldhara, 18 kms from Jaisalmer, became deserted overnight one fateful night in 1825, and both this settlement and the cursed town of Bhangarh in Alwar district have achieved cult status.
  21. The list could go on and on - these 20 facts are too insufficient to really bring out the essence of the wonderful state of Rajasthan.

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